Brightest visible star (lowest apparent magnitude); part of the constellation Canis Major. Also known as the Dog Star.
"whistle the air of La Palisse"
A traditional tune named after the French town of La Palisse (?)
Now-defunct prison in Paris, divided into la Petite Force (for women) and la Grande Force (for men).
(Fr.) Literally, "lions' den," although I don't know the context in this case.
Very wealthy king of Lydia from 560 to 547 B.C.
Solus Cum Solo, in Loco Remoto, Non Cogitabuntur Orare Pater Noster
(Lat.) "When two people are talking in an obscure place, it is likely that they are NOT telling each other (or reciting) Pater Noster."
Corrected by Mike Ivanof (email@example.com)
A member of the highest caste of traditional Indian society, who also traditonally becomes a Hindu priest.
Probably Théâtre de la Gaité Montparnasse, still in use today.
Also faubourg Saint-Marcel; the Saint-Marceau quarter. A suburb of Paris, at the time a poverty-stricken area.
Jardin des Plantes
Botanical garden, oldest park in Paris. Established by Guy de La Brosse, doctor of Louis XIII. Official site.
Pierre Lombard, (c. 1100 - c. 1160 or 1164). Professor at Notre Dame, Archbiship of Paris (appointed 1158 or 1159). Wrote the theological work Sententiarum Quatuor Libri ("Book of Sentences"), an online version of which is available here.
Charles the Tenth
Charles X, 1757-1836, king of France (1824-30). Abdicated.
Eglise Saint Medard, church on Rue Mouffetard, built 15th c. to 17th c. (the action of the first half of the previous chapter takes place on this street). Named for Saint Medard (c. 457 - c. 545), Bishop of Noyon and Tournai, patron saint of protection from bad weather (among other things); his memorial date is June 8.
Diogenes turned Cartouche
Diogenes. Cartouche. Hugo here contrasts the illuminating lantern of a man on a daytime search with the concealed lantern of a thief waiting in ambush.
(Fr.) Face to face; also, a counterpart; also, referring or directing attention to. Cleverly, all of these definitions are applicable to the scene that follows.
L'Hospice des Enfants-Trouvés, a hospital for abandoned children (?).
bridge at Austerlitz
Iron arch bridge over the River Seine, completed 1806.